Fixed-line telephony is controlled by the incumbent operator, Comores Telecom. Telecom Malagasy (Telma) has recently launched commercial mobile voice and 3G/4G data services in Comoros, bringing an end to the incumbent’s monopoly in this sector. The National Authority for the Regulation of ICT (Autorite Nationale de Regulation des TIC, ANRTIC) is in charge of the regulation of activities in the telecoms industry.
The Comoros government is facing many challenges -provide basic services, upgrade education and technical training, privatize commercial and industrial enterprises, improve health services, diversify exports, promote tourism, and reduce the high population growth rate. Recurring political instability, sometimes initiated from outside the country, has inhibited growth. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, accounts for 50% of GDP, employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. Export income is heavily reliant on the three main crops of vanilla, cloves, and ylang ylang (perfume essence); and the Comoros’ export earnings are easily disrupted by disasters such as fires and extreme weather. High population densities, as much as 1000 per square kilometre in the densest agricultural zones, for what is still a mostly rural, agricultural economy may lead to an environmental crisis in the near future, especially considering the high rate of population growth. Improvements are slowly being made in order to improve revenue mobilization, reduce expenditures and improve electricity access, but the future is still uncertain.