Morocco is one of the most advanced telecommunications markets in Africa, despite there being relatively little competition in the fixed-line broadband sector. Competition in the provision of DSL services is expected to intensify during 2016 following the launch of new services by a couple of corporate newcomers. Most of the new broadband connections are wireless and increasingly converging with mobile services. Actually, the dominance of mobile internet access is likely to continue given the improvements in LTE reach and capabilities, and the preference among consumers to adopt mobile solutions for both voice and data. The National Communications Regulatory Agency is the public body, endowed with a legal personality and financial autonomy, that is responsible for the control and regulation of the telecommunications sector in Morocco.
Morocco has capitalized on its proximity to Europe and relatively low labor costs to build a diverse, open, market-oriented economy. Key sectors of the economy include agriculture, tourism, aerospace, phosphates, textiles, apparel, and subcomponents. Morocco has increased investment in its port, transportation, and industrial infrastructure to position itself as a center and broker for business throughout Africa. Industrial development strategies and infrastructure improvements – most visibly illustrated by a new port and free trade zone near Tangier – are improving Morocco’s competitiveness.
Despite Morocco’s economic progress, the country suffers from high unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy, particularly in rural areas. Key economic challenges for Morocco include reforming the education system and the judiciary.