Competition in the fixed-line sector was introduced in 2009. Although the licensing of new operators has not always been transparent in Senegal, the mobile market has prospered, helped in part by poor fixed-line infrastructure in some rural areas. A range of value-added services is available to subscribers, including mobile broadband access, which has become by far the dominant internet platform. Broadband services in Senegal are relatively advanced, and a range of IP-based services including broadband TV (IPTV) and converged triple-play services are offered. The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunications and Posts (ARTP) is the official regulator of the telecommunications sector in Senegal.
Senegal’s economy is driven by mining, construction, tourism, fisheries and agriculture, which is the primary source of employment in rural areas. Senegal relies heavily on donor assistance, remittances and foreign direct investment. For the first time in the past twelve years, Senegal reached a growth rate of 6.5% in 2015 and surpassed 6.6% in 2016, due in part to a buoyant performance in agriculture because of higher rainfall and productivity in the sector.
Electricity supply is a chief constraint for Senegal’s development. Electricity prices in Senegal are among the highest in the world. Recent gas discoveries on the Senegal-Mauritanian border, as well as just south of Dakar, will help alleviate some of the energy shortages.