Slovenia’s fixed-line telecom market remains dominated by Telekom Slovenije despite regulatory efforts to develop competition in the sector. On the other hand, the mobile market shows a lot more competition with four mobile network operators and a small number of mobile virtual network operators. The regulator has addressed the need of mobile operators to be provided with more spectrum, holding a number of spectrum auctions in recent years. Additional spectrum in a range of bands will be made available for LTE and 5G services during 2019. However, Slovenia’s broadband market continues to be dominated by a small number of players. Despite the launch of competing platforms, DSL remains the most popular access method though its market share is being eroded by the steady development of fibre-based networks.
In 2007, Slovenia was invited to begin the process for joining the OECD; it became a member in 2012. From 2014 to 2016, export-led growth, fueled by demand in larger European markets, pushed annual GDP growth above 2.3%. Growth reached 5.0% in 2017 and is projected to near or reach 5% in 2018. What used to be stubbornly high unemployment fell below 5.5% in early 2018, driven by strong exports and increasing consumption that boosted labor demand. Continued fiscal consolidation through increased tax collection and social security contributions will likely result in a balanced government budget in 2019. The Government’s economic policy is committed to privatize a select group of state-run companies, rationalize public spending, and further stabilize the banking sector. Efforts to privatize Slovenia’s largely state-owned banking sector have largely stalled, however, amid concerns about an ongoing dispute over Yugoslav-era foreign currency deposits.